AngularJS – 基本介紹篇

看完上一篇有關AngularJS的文章之後,如果你已經產生對他的興趣,接下來我們就跟著Google規劃的課程來學習,其實在AngularJS的官方網頁上,本來就有這方面的視訊教學(當然是英文的囉!),馬老師這邊只是做到整理、翻譯和提出我的一些想法,讓想要學習他的人可以更方便,官方視訊總共分成五個等級,每個等級又分成不同章節,章節結束後還都會有模擬測驗,真的推薦大家可以去看看喔!

首先檢視一下要學習AngularJS的一些背景條件:

必須要了解

  • HTML、CSS
  • Javascript

最好能懂

不是那麼重要的

  • jQuery
  • Ruby
  • Rails
  • Python
  • PHP
  • Database

必須了解的部分指的是技術領域,最好能懂的部分是指開發時的觀念

AngularJS Part1 Slide1

至於選擇AngularJS的理由有以下幾點:

  • 幫助你組織Javascript
  • 快速幫你建構動態網站
  • 可以跟jQuery合作愉快
  • 便於測試
AngularJS Part1 Slide2

接下來官方教學以ng-controller為案例,教導AngularJS是如何去呼叫函數的,不過這部分在1.3以上的版本已經不是這樣使用了要特別注意!

AngularJS Part1 Slide3

以下就針對這個案例進行程式的示範,在1.2(含)以前的AngularJS可以這樣來操作ng-controller:(在JS Bin上測試

<!doctype html>
<html ng-app>
<head>
<script src="//ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.2.26/angular.min.js"></script>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<title>controllerExample</title>
<script>
  function myFn() {
    alert("歡迎光臨馬老師雲端研究室");
  }
</script>
</head>
<body ng-controller="myFn">
</body>
</html>

但在1.3(含)之後的AngularJS需要這樣來操作ng-controller:(在JS Bin上測試)

<!doctype html>
<html ng-app="controllerExample">
<head>
<script src="//ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.3.2/angular.min.js"></script>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<title>controllerExample AngularJS 1.3.2</title>
<script>
angular.module('controllerExample', [])
.controller('myFn', function (){
    alert("歡迎光臨馬老師雲端研究室");
});
</script>
</head>
<body ng-controller="myFn">
</body>
</html>

根據上面的案例,來介紹利用AngularJS開發網頁時的流程和方式:

首先我們可以先建立一個模組(Module),在模組內會包含AngularJS的函式名稱、應用程式名稱(Application Name)和相關函式庫(Dependencies)。

AngularJS Part1 Slide4

上述的程式可以撰寫在一個JS檔案中,讓網頁將該檔案引用。

AngularJS Part1 Slide5

接下來在HTML標籤中加入ng-app=”Application Name”後,讓網頁在載入的時候就會自動運行該模組(Module)。

AngularJS Part1 Slide6

接下來開始介紹表達式,不過這個在上一篇案例當中我們已經有使用過了,相信大家也很容易能夠了解,也建議大家去參考視訊中提到的網頁,裡面有更多有關於表達式的說明。

AngularJS Part1 Slide7

※以上截圖部分為AngularJS官方教學視訊

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